Neurological reorganization is discussed to address abnormal neurological development. Neuroplasticity and the different functions, levels, and interactions of the brain during the first year of development are reviewed. In addition, behaviors, movements sensations and reflexes are looked at to show the differences between normal and abnormal neurological development. Lastly, a program created to replicate normal neurological development is shared.
In this video lesson, you will learn about normal vs. abnormal neurological development, neurological reorganization, and a program created to help replicate normal neurological development. The video will take a closer look at the different functions, levels, and interactions of the brain during the first year of development. In addition, it will review the strong relationship between brain function, movements, reflexes and sensory experiences. A program presented later in the video, focuses on replicating infants’ behaviors if not hindered with. This lesson will mainly touch on the pre-cortical levels of the brain (i.e. the pre-verbal levels that do not think or speak) and the behaviors that follow.
To begin, there is a discussion about neuroplasticity and how the brain can change. Some areas that impact brain function include bad vs. good stimuli, prenatal stress, poor nutrition, and bonding breaks. The first level of the brain during birth is the medulla and the cord, responsible for reflex. The second level discussed is the pons level during one to five months of age, responsible for all life-preserving activities. This is where the sense of fear, attachment and security comes from. The midbrain level, from five to 14-months-old, is the third level which is responsible for balancing, regulating and filtering. Lastly, the cortex, or the intelligent part of the brain, is explained.
Throughout the video, each level of the brain is described by breaking down the different behaviors, movements, sensations and reflexes seen with children who experience normal neurological development. More specifically, vision, hearing, tactile behavior, mobility, language and hand function are looked at. For example, at the first level, a recently born baby has no purposeful movement yet. However, by the third level, a 10-month-old baby is on their hands and knees moving around with more goal-oriented behavior.
After a review of the normal neurological development levels, the video discusses what abnormal neurological development looks like in comparison. Some of these differences include a child with poor balance, stuttering, difficulty with impulse control, struggling to look people in the eyes, and more. Diagnoses found to explain abnormal development in the midbrain include, autism spectrum disorders, oppositional defiant disorder, learning disabilities, and autoimmune issues.
At the end of the video, an explanation of a program used to replicate normal neurological development is shared. The program begins with participants completing a three-hour initial evaluation to gather information of their developmental history and presenting concerns. The evaluation includes a functional neurological exam to assess the different levels of the brain. Participants are then taught a program to do at home daily. Participants begin at the lowest level seen with dysfunction and then will work their way up. This is done by utilizing patterns to trigger reflexes, new movement and new brain growth. Floor time is used to focus on the belly, hands and knees to activate the thinking part of the brain. Sensory stimulation and vestibular stimulation are also used to develop skills such as auditory and visual motor skills. Other ways to encourage neurological healing and growth are also reviewed.
For a full transcript of the video’s this course is based on, click here.